MODEL SCHOOLS

The concept of Model school: Basically a model school will have infrastructure
and facilities of the same standard as in a Kendriya Vidyalaya and with stipulations on
pupil -teacher ratio, ICT usage, holistic educational environment, appropriate curriculum
and emphasis on output and outcome. Some of the key features of a model school will
be:

(i) Education provided in a Model school should be holistic and integral
touching upon physical, emotional and aesthetic development in addition to
academics.

(ii) Either brand new schools may be established or existing schools may be
converted in to Model schools.

(iii) Necessary infrastructure will be provided in such schools not only for
satisfying teaching needs, but also for sports and co-curricular activities.
There will be sufficient scope for sports, recreation and outdoor activities.
Facilities like play ground, gardens, auditorium etc. will be provided in
Model schools.

(iv) The curriculum should cast the local culture and environment and learning
should be activity based.

(v) These schools will have adequate ICT infrastructure, Internet connectivity
and full time computer teachers.

(vi) The Teacher Pupil Ratio should not exceed 1:25 and the classrooms will
be spacious enough to accommodate at least 30 students. However,
classroom-students ratio will not exceed 1:40.

(vii) These schools will be provided with Arts and Music Teachers besides
subject specific teachers as per the usual norms. These schools will also
create facility for activities emphasizing Indian heritage and art & craft.

(viii) Special emphasis may be given on teaching of Science, Maths and
English. If required, bridge-courses may be introduced for weak students.

(ix) The school curricula should include the material/items that inculcate
leadership qualities, team spirit, participation abilities, development of soft
skills and ability to deal with real life situations.

(x) Health Education and health check up will be introduced in these schools.
(xi) A good library with books and magazines for students and teachers will be
provided.
(xii) Field trips and educational tours will be an integral part of the curriculum.

(xiii) Medium of instruction will be left to State Governments. However, special
emphasis will be given on English teaching & spoken English.

(xiv) Affiliation of these schools to a particular examination board will be left to
State Governments.

(xv) Selection of students will be though independent selections test.
(xvi) Selection of Principals and Teachers will also be through an independent
process to be developed in consultation with State Governments.

(xvii) Model schools will have appropriate pace setting activities so that schools
in the neighbourhood can benefit.

4. Implementation
4.1. 3500 of the 6000 model schools will be set up in the Educationally Backward
Blocks (EBBs) on Kendriya Vidyalaya template. Another 2,500 schools will be set up
under Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.

4.2 Model schools on Kendriya Vidyalaya norms
In view of the recommendations of the two CABE Committees on
“Universalisation of Secondary Education” and “Girls’ Education & Common School
System” to adopt Kendriya Vidyalaya norms in expansion of school system and for
investment in schools conforming to Kendriya Vidyalaya norms, it is proposed that the
high quality model schools may broadly have infrastructure facilities of the same
standard as in a Kendriya Vidyalaya and with stipulations on pupil teacher ratio, ICT
usage, holistic educational environment, appropriate curriculum and emphasis on output
and outcome. It is, therefore, proposed that 3,500 Model Schools to be established in
Educationally Backward Blocks (EBB) under the management and supervision of State
Governments and the 2,500 schools under PPP mode, should basically conform to the
norms of Kendriya Vidyalayas, although the funding pattern and management structure
will be different.
4.3. 3500 Model schools on Kendriya Vidyalaya template under State
Governments

Location: 3500 Model schools will be set up in Educationally Backward
Blocks (EBBs).

Land: Land for these schools will be identified and provided by the State/UT
Governments free of cost.

Selection of the schools: Every Educationally Backward Block(EBBs), as per
the list drawn up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, will be
eligible to get one model school in KV template. The State/UT Governments are
free to establish brand new schools or select existing schools for conversion as
Model schools.

Medium of instructions: The medium of instructions is left to the State/UT
Governments. However, special emphasis will be given on English teaching &
spoken English.

Classes: The State/UT governments will have the option to establish the
school either with classes VI to XII or with classes IX to XII.

Management: These schools will be run by State Government societies similar to
KVS.

Construction:
 Construction of the school buildings will be done by the State societies.
 The norms will be provided by KVS/ State PWD.
 State Governments will also have the option to get the school building
constructed through public private partnership.

• The buildings will be designed as earthquake resilient and will be equipped with
fire safety measures

• Use of solar and other renewable energy will be encouraged and buildings will be
designed appropriately wherever possible.

4.4. 2500 schools under Public Private Partnership mode
2,500 schools will be set up under Public Private Partnership (PPP) model. The exact
modalities of the PPP model will be worked out by the Ministry of Human Resource
Development separately in consultation with the Planning Commission, the State
Governments and other stake holders.

5. Admission
Admission in 3,500 schools under State Governments will be through an admission test
conducted by the State societies managing the model schools. Tests will be conducted
block wise, i.e., students residing in a particular block will compete for the school in that
block. Existing reservations will apply.

6. Role of the State Government in setting up 3,500 Schools in State sector
based on KV norms

(i) These schools will be set up and managed by State/UTGovernments
through society set up for this purpose. These schools could be existing
State/UT government schools converted into model schools or brand new
schools.

(ii) State/UTGovernments will provide land for setting up of schools,
wherever required.

(iii) While deciding the locations of the schools, State/UT
governments are advised to consult block Panchayats in an appropriate
manner.

(iv) Every State/UT will furnish an implementation schedule/ plan in order to
implement the project in a time bound manner.

(v) The minimum land requirement will be fixed as per the KVS
norms, but may be appropriately relaxed in cases of scarcity of land
subject to satisfaction of essential norms.

(vi) These schools will be established in educationally backward blocks and
priority will be given to schedule V areas. Priority may also be given to
Ashram Schools in case of upgradation/conversion of existing schools
(vii) Constructions will be through the State societies that will manage these
schools and therefore state share towards capital cost will have to be
credited to these Societies.

(viii) States can also enter into PPP to get the buildings
constructed and maintained for which annuity payment will be made by
the State Government.

(ix) Appropriate monitoring committees will be set up by the
State Government at block, district and state level. The State level
monitoring committee will also have members from Central
Government.

(x) Will select and make available temporary accommodation with
necessary facilities, in case the State Government intends to start the
schools before completion of construction work.

7. Proposal from the State Government
The proposal from the State Government should contain,
(i) Educational Backward Blocks, where the schools will be located

(ii) Description of the schools to be converted into model
schools along with justification for selecting them.

(iii) An implementation schedule/ plan for acquisition of land in
case of brand new schools

(iv) A time bound plan for recruitment of teachers for the schools

(v) Budget provision in the State budget

(vi) Details of implementing society

(vii) An indicative building plan, as per the minimum space
requirements indicated in Appendix

(viii) A detailed construction schedule and time line for making the school
operational

(ix) The proposals are to be submitted in formats devised by Ministry of HRD,
Government of India from time to time.

8. Funding pattern: 75% of the capital cost will be borne by the Central
Government and the balance 25% will be provided by the State Government. During the
11th Five Year Plan period, recurring cost will be provided by the Central Government on
75:25 sharing basis. The sharing pattern during the 12th Plan period will be 50:50
between Centre and State Government. The sharing pattern will be 90:10 for special
category States and for upgraded Ashram schools in all States for both 11th and 12th
Five Year Plan period
.
9. Cost norms
9.1. For the purpose of calculating the financial requirements, the non-recurring cost
for setting up a school on KV template with classes VI to XII with two sections in each
class has been taken as Rs. 3.02 crore. Similarly for calculating the recurring cost, the
same has been taken as around Rs. 0.75 crore per annum. These are meant for the
purpose of estimation only.

9.2. The non-recurring cost of setting up a Model School in KV template with classes
VI to XII with 2 sections in each class will not normally exceed Rs.3.02 crore. Similarly
the non-recurring cost for setting up a Model School in KV template with classes IX to XII
with two sections in each class will not normally exceed Rs.2.55 crore (worked out on
pro rata basis based on cost norm provided by KVS). For North Eastern and hilly States,
a relaxation of up to 20% higher construction cost may be allowed. For arriving at the
construction cost, State PWD schedule of rates and cost norms would be applicable,
and PAB will have the power to approve a higher cost in appropriate cases. The KVS
norms as applicable from time to time would provide indicative cost for comparison.
Similarly, for conversion of an existing school into Model School, the cost of additional
facilities will be arrived at based on State PWD schedules of rates.

9.3. Similarly for the recurring cost, PAB will have the power to sanction a higher
amount than Rs.0.75 crore per annum based on the KV norms prevailing at the time of
consideration of the proposal.
10. Project Approval Board(PAB)
A Project Approval Board(PAB) headed by the Secretary, Department of School
Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development will examine the
proposals received from various States/ UT Governments. This Committee will include,
Joint Secretary (Secondary Education), FA, Ministry of Human Resource Development,
representative of Planning Commission, Ministry of Finance (Department of Expenditure)
and Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan. The Committee may co-opt any member whenever
considered necessary.

11. Release of fund
11.1. The central share for the construction of 3500 schools under State Government
will be released to State societies.
11.2. The Central share of operational cost for the model schools on KV template will
be released to the State implementing society. State governments will also release their
share to the implementing society within one month of release of central share.
11.3. 50% of the central share will be released as 1st installment after commitment for
matching contribution from State Governments and the remaining fund will be released
only after the receipt of expenditure statement/ utilization certificate as per GFRs in
respect of grants released by the Central Government and at least 50% of the grant
released has been utilized by the society
.
12. Monitoring of the project
12.1. At the central level, monitoring of the project will be through a separate cell to be
opened in Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan.
12.2 At the state levels, the internal monitoring will be through the Societies
administering these schools.
12.3 State Government will also set up committee at District and State level for
external monitoring. The District level Committee will have representative from PRIs,
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) Mission and civil society. The State
level monitoring Committee will have representative from Central Government besides
various Departments of State Government. The Head Master/ Principal of In-charge of
Secondary School at School level will present all the documents before the District level
monitoring committee/ societies.

12.4 Besides, the monitoring set up for ‘Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan’ will
also be used in monitoring of the scheme.

13. Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions
13.1 The School Management Committee will include representation from Panchayati
Raj Institutions.
13.2 The financial and physical progress will be shared with block Panchayats.
13.3. The assistance of Block Panchayats may be sought by the State Govt. for
allocation of land for permanent site of the school.

14. Evaluation
There will a continuing evaluation of the working of the schools by State Government
agencies through a regular and well-structured system of field visits. Besides, an
independent agency may be assigned the task of monitoring of the scheme, including
progress of construction for each State.

15. Research
Besides the above in-built monitoring and evaluation mechanism, the Central
Government and the State Governments will conduct an independent research on
different activities of the project by engaging independent institutes of repute. The
findings of these research studies will be communicated to all the concerned authorities
for corrective measures and further strengthening of the implementation of the scheme.
16. The scheme provides for 3% of total cost on Management, Monitoring,
Evaluation and Research. This amount should be spent on the above mentioned
activities.